Pieces of forest tree seed units… …Pieces of unscientific nonsense

Appendix I – Line drawings of seeds of 14 Gymnospermous genera

Abies

Complete Abies seed
Line drawing of an intact Abies seed.
Abies seed, 55% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Abies seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the chalazal end.
Abies seed, 55% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Abies seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the micropylar end.
Abies seed, 75% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Abies seed broken at 75% of its length from the chalazal end.
Abies seed, 75% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Abies seed broken at 75% of its length from the micropylar end.
Abies seed, 90% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Abies seed broken at 90% of its length from the chalazal end.
Abies seed, 90% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Abies seed broken at 90% of its length from the micropylar end.

Calocedrus

Complete Calocedrus seed
Line drawing of an intact Calocedrus seed.
Calocedrus seed, 55% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Calocedrus seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the chalazal end.
Calocedrus seed, 55% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Calocedrus seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the micropylar end.
Calocedrus seed, 75% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Calocedrus seed broken at 75% of its length from the chalazal end.
Calocedrus seed, 75% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Calocedrus seed broken at 75% of its length from the micropylar end.
Calocedrus seed, 90% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Calocedrus seed broken at 90% of its length from the chalazal end.
Calocedrus seed, 90% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Calocedrus seed broken at 90% of its length from the micropylar end.

Cedrus

Complete Cedrus seed
Line drawing of an intact Cedrus seed.
Cedrus seed, 55% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Cedrus seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the chalazal end.
Cedrus seed, 55% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Cedrus seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the micropylar end.
Cedrus seed, 75% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Cedrus seed broken at 75% of its length from the chalazal end.
Cedrus seed, 75% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Cedrus seed broken at 75% of its length from the micropylar end.
Cedrus seed, 90% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Cedrus seed broken at 90% of its length from the chalazal end.
Cedrus seed, 90% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Cedrus seed broken at 90% of its length from the micropylar end.

Chamaecyparis

Complete Chamaecyparis seed
Line drawing of an intact Chamaecyparis seed.
Chamaecyparis seed, 55% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Chamaecyparis seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the chalazal end.
Chamaecyparis seed, 55% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Chamaecyparis seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the micropylar end.
Chamaecyparis seed, 75% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Chamaecyparis seed broken at 75% of its length from the chalazal end.
Chamaecyparis seed, 75% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Chamaecyparis seed broken at 75% of its length from the micropylar end.
Chamaecyparis seed, 90% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Chamaecyparis seed broken at 90% of its length from the chalazal end.
Chamaecyparis seed, 90% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Chamaecyparis seed broken at 90% of its length from the micropylar end.

Cryptomeria

Complete Cryptomeria seed
Line drawing of an intact Cryptomeria seed.
Cryptomeria seed, 55% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Cryptomeria seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the chalazal end.
Cryptomeria seed, 55% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Cryptomeria seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the micropylar end.
Cryptomeria seed, 75% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Cryptomeria seed broken at 75% of its length from the chalazal end.
Cryptomeria seed, 75% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Cryptomeria seed broken at 75% of its length from the micropylar end.
Cryptomeria seed, 90% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Cryptomeria seed broken at 90% of its length from the chalazal end.
Cryptomeria seed, 90% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Cryptomeria seed broken at 90% of its length from the micropylar end.

Cupressus

Complete Cupressus seed
Line drawing of an intact Cupressus seed.
Cupressus seed, 55% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Cupressus seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the chalazal end.
Cupressus seed, 55% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Cupressus seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the micropylar end.
Cupressus seed, 75% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Cupressus seed broken at 75% of its length from the chalazal end.
Cupressus seed, 75% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Cupressus seed broken at 75% of its length from the micropylar end.
Cupressus seed, 90% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Cupressus seed broken at 90% of its length from the chalazal end.
Cupressus seed, 90% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Cupressus seed broken at 90% of its length from the micropylar end.

Ginkgo

Complete Ginkgo seed
Line drawing of an intact Ginkgo seed.
Ginkgo seed, 55% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Ginkgo seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the chalazal end.
Ginkgo seed, 55% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Ginkgo seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the micropylar end.
Ginkgo seed, 75% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Ginkgo seed broken at 75% of its length from the chalazal end.
Ginkgo seed, 75% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Ginkgo seed broken at 75% of its length from the micropylar end.
Ginkgo seed, 90% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Ginkgo seed broken at 90% of its length from the chalazal end.
Ginkgo seed, 90% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Ginkgo seed broken at 90% of its length from the micropylar end.

Juniperus

Complete Juniperus seed
Line drawing of an intact Juniperus seed.
Juniperus seed, 55% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Juniperus seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the chalazal end.
Juniperus seed, 55% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Juniperus seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the micropylar end.
Juniperus seed, 75% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Juniperus seed broken at 75% of its length from the chalazal end.
Juniperus seed, 75% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Juniperus seed broken at 75% of its length from the micropylar end.
Juniperus seed, 90% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Juniperus seed broken at 90% of its length from the chalazal end.
Juniperus seed, 90% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Juniperus seed broken at 90% of its length from the micropylar end.

Picea

Complete Picea seed
Line drawing of an intact Picea seed.
Picea seed, 55% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Picea seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the chalazal end.
Picea seed, 55% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Picea seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the micropylar end.
Picea seed, 75% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Picea seed broken at 75% of its length from the chalazal end.
Picea seed, 75% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Picea seed broken at 75% of its length from the micropylar end.
Picea seed, 90% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Picea seed broken at 90% of its length from the chalazal end.
Picea seed, 90% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Picea seed broken at 90% of its length from the micropylar end.

Pinus

Complete Pinus seed
Line drawing of an intact Pinus seed.
Pinus seed, 55% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Pinus seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the chalazal end.
Pinus seed, 55% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Pinus seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the micropylar end.
Pinus seed, 75% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Pinus seed broken at 75% of its length from the chalazal end.
Pinus seed, 75% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Pinus seed broken at 75% of its length from the micropylar end.
Pinus seed, 90% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Pinus seed broken at 90% of its length from the chalazal end.
Pinus seed, 90% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Pinus seed broken at 90% of its length from the micropylar end.

Pseudotsuga

Complete Pseudotsuga seed
Line drawing of an intact Pseudotsuga seed.
Pseudotsuga seed, 55% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Pseudotsuga seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the chalazal end.
Pseudotsuga seed, 55% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Pseudotsuga seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the micropylar end.
Pseudotsuga seed, 75% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Pseudotsuga seed broken at 75% of its length from the chalazal end.
Pseudotsuga seed, 75% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Pseudotsuga seed broken at 75% of its length from the micropylar end.
Pseudotsuga seed, 90% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Pseudotsuga seed broken at 90% of its length from the chalazal end.
Pseudotsuga seed, 90% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Pseudotsuga seed broken at 90% of its length from the micropylar end.

Sequoia

Complete Sequoia seed
Line drawing of an intact Sequoia seed.
Sequoia seed, 55% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Sequoia seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the chalazal end.
Sequoia seed, 55% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Sequoia seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the micropylar end.
Sequoia seed, 75% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Sequoia seed broken at 75% of its length from the chalazal end.
Sequoia seed, 75% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Sequoia seed broken at 75% of its length from the micropylar end.
Sequoia seed, 90% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Sequoia seed broken at 90% of its length from the chalazal end.
Sequoia seed, 90% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Sequoia seed broken at 90% of its length from the micropylar end.

Taxodium

Complete Taxodium seed
Line drawing of an intact Taxodium seed.
Taxodium seed, 55% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Taxodium seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the chalazal end.
Taxodium seed, 55% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Taxodium seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the micropylar end.
Taxodium seed, 75% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Taxodium seed broken at 75% of its length from the chalazal end.
Taxodium seed, 75% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Taxodium seed broken at 75% of its length from the micropylar end.
Taxodium seed, 90% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Taxodium seed broken at 90% of its length from the chalazal end.
Taxodium seed, 90% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Taxodium seed broken at 90% of its length from the micropylar end.

Tsuga

Complete Tsuga seed
Line drawing of an intact Tsuga seed.
Tsuga seed, 55% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Tsuga seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the chalazal end.
Tsuga seed, 55% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Tsuga seed broken at 51–55% of its length from the micropylar end.
Tsuga seed, 75% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Tsuga seed broken at 75% of its length from the chalazal end.
Tsuga seed, 75% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Tsuga seed broken at 75% of its length from the micropylar end.
Tsuga seed, 90% size, cotyledon end
Line drawing showing a Tsuga seed broken at 90% of its length from the chalazal end.
Tsuga seed, 90% size, radicle end
Line drawing showing a Tsuga seed broken at 90% of its length from the micropylar end.